Corona Virus threatens the world by its massive spread among the crowd. It is obligatory and essential for an individual to wear face masks and stop the massive spread of the virulent virus. By wearing so we can’t sojourn the covid spread but can control it to an extent.
COVID 19 is a respiratory disease with severity ranging from mild (81%) to moderate and severe (19%, 15% hospitalization, 4% ICCU care). Transmission occurs from man to man via respiratory droplets just like Influenza and other seasonal flu viruses.
Masks should be used as part of a comprehensive approach of measures to defeat transmission and save lives; the use of a mask alone is not sufficient to provide an adequate level of protection against COVID-19 some prudential methods also needed to be implemented to control the spread of the disease
Can face masks help slow the spread of the coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2) that causes COVID-19?
Face masks along with certain preventive measures such as frequent hand washing and social distancing can help slow down the outbreak of the virus. The US Centre for Disease Control and Prevention CDC addresses the people to wear N95 masks as it is reserved as health care providers.
Different types of Face Masks:
Medical Surgical Masks:
They are the surgical masks that are loose-fitting disposable masks. They're meant to safeguard the wearer from contact with droplets and sprays that may contain germs and microorganisms. A medical mask also filters out large particles in the air when the wearer breathes in.
To make medical masks more form-fitting, knot the ear loops where they attach to the mask. Then fold and tuck the unneeded material under the edges. These are the best use and throw facemasks.
An N95 mask is a type of respirator. It offers more protection than a medical mask does as it filters out both large and small particles when the wearer inhales.
N95 masks have been in short supply, the CDC has said they should be reserved for health care providers. Health care providers must be trained and pass a fit test before using an N95 mask. Like surgical masks, N95 masks are intended to be disposable. However, researchers are testing ways to disinfect and reuse them.
Some N95 masks, and even some cloth masks, have valves that make them easier to breathe through. Unfortunately, these masks don't filter the air the wearer breathes out. For this reason, they've been banned in some places.
A cloth mask is intended to trap respiratory droplets that are released when the wearer talks, coughs or sneezes. It also acts as a barrier to protect the wearer from inhaling droplets released by others.
The most effective cloths masks are made of multiple layers of tightly woven fabric like cotton. A mask with layers will stop more droplets from getting through your mask or escaping from it.
These are often homemade masks vary widely in their constructions and effectiveness. Aerosols are likely to leak through and particle containing air is able to flow around the edges. With appropriate washing or a couple of days to decontaminate, these masks are reusable.
How to get the most from your mask?
The effectiveness of cloth and medical masks can be enriched by guaranteeing that the masks are well fitted to the contours of our face to prevent leakage of air around its edges.
Masks should be cozy over the nose, mouth and chin, with no gaps. When we breathe out we should feel warm air coming through the front of the mask. We shouldn't feel air coming out under the edges of the mask.
Masks that have a bendable nose strip help prevent air from leaking out of the top of the mask.
Some people choose to wear a disposable mask under their cloth mask. In that case, the cloth mask should press the edges of the disposable mask against the face. Avoid adding layers if they make it hard to breathe or obstruct your vision.
Proper use, storage and cleaning of masks also efficient in the spread of coronavirus.
Tips to be followed while using face masks:
Wash or sanitize your hands before and after putting on your mask.
Place your mask over your mouth and nose and chin.
Tie it behind your head or use ear loops. Make sure it's snug.
Don't touch your mask while wearing it.
If you accidentally touch your mask, wash or sanitize your hands.
If your mask becomes wet or dirty, switch to a clean one. Put the used mask in a sealable bag until you can get rid of it or wash it.
Remove the mask by untying it or lifting off the ear loops without touching the front of the mask or your face.
Wash your hands immediately after removing your mask.
Regularly wash cloth masks in the washing machine or by hand. (They can be washed along with other laundry.)
Don't put masks on anyone who has trouble in breathing or is unconscious or otherwise unable to remove the mask without help.
Don't put masks on children under 2 years of age as it leads to the pneumonia.
Don't use face masks as an ancillary for social distancing.
The CDC of the US doesn't recommend using face shields instead of masks because it's unclear how much protection shields provide. However, wearing a face mask may not be possible in every situation. If you must use a face shield instead of a mask, choose one that wraps around the sides of your face and extends below your chin
There are some tips to be forecasted for the stop spreading of Corona Virus:
Wear a clinically proven mask
Follow social distancing activities
Avoid crowds and poorly ventilated spaces
Usage of disinfectants
Getting vaccinated with antibodies
Monitoring our health daily by washing hands and self-control
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